The Die is Cast

Führer Directive 16, July 16th, 1940Hitler launches Unternehmen SeelöweOperation Sea Lion On July 16th, 1940, 80 years ago, given the obdurate Mr. Churchill’s unwillingness to surrender without a fight, Adolf Hitler signed Führer Directive # 16, commanding...

The Calculus of Invasion

Now that France was lost, and only Britain still survived, each side worked feverishly to develop its plans for the invasion and defense of Britain. It would be one of the greatest match ups in military history, and perhaps the greatest air battle of all time....